What is Diabetes? Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder in which blood glucose level is increased. The body is unable to make proper use of glucose that causes high blood sugar. Diabetes leads to various diseases and needs to be controlled. People with diabetes are more prone to heart disease, renal abnormalities and are at risk of developing mental health disorders such as depression.
Diabetes and food Certain food groups can help in management of diabetes. Eating healthy or the foods which helps in keeping blood glucose or sugar level in normal range can reduce the risk of further complications. Diabetes diet will not only help in managing blood glucose level, also boost your energy level and keep your mood happy. Here we are discussing some food items which significantly help in diabetes management.
1. Coconut water
Coconut water is rich in protein and fibre. Protein and fibres both are essential for diabetics patients, Both the nutrients take time to digest. It is a better option as it has natural sugar, and raises blood glucose level instantly. Coconut water also works as an electrolyte replenisher, maintaining the pH of body fluid and boost basal metabolic rate. It contains potassium ions which help in the normal functioning of kidneys. Recipes- Coconut water can be consumed as such or as a sweetened beverage.
Pumpkin contains a polysaccharide called ‘puerarin’, which helps in lowering blood glucose level. Pumpkin also induce insulin secretion, a hormone which checks on sugar level. As the pumpkin has a high glycemic index, it should be consumed in small amounts only. Recipes- Desserts and drinks are popular recipes of pumpkin but they contain preservatives and sugar, which may affect the condition adversely. Healthy recipes should be preferred and in small amounts.
Jackfruit is a good option to include in the diabetes diet. As it has a significantly low glycemic index, which checks on the instant rise in blood sugar level after having a meal. Jackfruit is also rich in protein, fibres, flavonoids antioxidants, vitamins and minerals which can help in managing the blood glucose level. Studies showed people who consume jackfruit have normal blood glucose level.
Flaxseed is a fibre rich food item, it has a high content of soluble fibre. It is observed that eating flaxseed after having the meal, increase insulin level, and hence control diabetes. Flaxseed is rich in alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), an essential fatty acid that appears to be beneficial in preventing heart disease and related illnesses. Flaxseed is also rich in carbohydrates, studies showed a beneficial effect for diabetics.
Outlook Diabetes is an alarming disorder at the global level, it is necessary to control it by natural means. Eating a balanced and controlled diet, and Healthy lifestyle can prevent you from its further risks like heart diseases and kidney abnormalities. Some food items are beneficial for diabetes, should be included in the diet, and some foods may increase sugar level and worsen the problem should be avoided.